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Consultar: Programa de Ps-Graduao em Geografia

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Ttulo [PT]: As transformaes histricas e a dinmica atual da paisagem na bacia hidrogrfica do ribeiro Biguau - Apucarana/PR
Autor(es): Maria do Carmo Carvalho Faria
Palavras-chave [PT]:

Geografia socioambiental. Bacia hidrogrfica. Anlise da paisagem. Histria. Ao antrpica no espao geogrfico. Geossistema. Material geogrfico. Ribeiro Biguau. Apucarana. Paran (Estado). Brasil
Palavras-chave [EN]:
Landscape. Dynamics. Anthropic Action. Hydrographic Basin. Units. Biguassu Brook. Apucarana. Paran. Brazil
rea de concentrao: Anlise Regional e Ambiental
Titulao: Mestre em Geografia
Banca:
Messias Modesto dos Passos [Orientador] - UEM
Leonor Marcon da Silveira - UEM
Edison Luiz Piroli - UNESP
Resumo:
Resumo: Com intuito de estimular o debate sobre o tema, este trabalho tem como objeto a Bacia Hidrogrfica do Ribeiro Biguau, situada em Apucarana, Paran, quando se objetiva duas questes: identificar as transformaes histricas ocorridas durante o processo de ocupao e a dinmica atual. Com relao ao conceito de paisagem, assume a abordagem sistmica defendida por G. Bertrand (1968), quando definiu a paisagem como uma combinao dinmica, instvel, apoiada sobre trs elementos geogrficos diferenciados - fsicos, biolgicos e antrpicos. Faz-se necessrio considerar que a edificao desta pesquisa percorre documentos e estudos variados. Numa primeira instncia, procura-se estabelecer um dilogo com as abordagens tericas acerca da paisagem, que consiste em definir os conceitos que nortearo as discusses apresentadas. A reviso bibliogrfica da temtica e do processo vivido pela regio que permite reconhecer diferentes reflexes e recortes estabelece conexes entre essas investigaes e o problema deste estudo. Para anlise tmporo-espacial, optou-se pela produo e interpretao de cartas de uso do solo em trs momentos, (1970, 1990 e 2006). Tais cartas e registros fotogrficos atuais deram subsdios ao estudo fsico e da evoluo da dinmica de ocupao e das formas de uso do solo bem como sua alterao paisagstica entre 1970 e 2006. Esta pesquisa se estrutura em seis captulos, comeando por uma introduo pesquisa em uma abordagem preliminar da Bacia Hidrogrfica do Ribeiro Biguau. O segundo, mostra a discusso terica da relao entre geografia e paisagem, objetivando identificar os conceitos que constituram os argumentos desta discusso. Numa abordagem tmporo-espacial, apoiada em bibliografia, se desenvolveu o terceiro captulo, com a formao scio-espacial do Paran, desde tempos remotos at o atual e, assim, evidencia-se como ocorreu a ocupao do Norte do Paran, atravs da colonizadora Companhia de Terras Norte do Paran (CTNP) e sua sucessora, a Companhia Melhoramentos Norte do Paran (CMNP) e, como parte importante desse processo, do municpio de Apucarana. No quarto captulo, apresenta-se um breve estudo do municpio, com nfase na Bacia Hidrogrfica do Ribeiro Biguau abordando-se sua situao geogrfica, seus aspectos (fisiogrficos) e sua descrio e anlise morfomtrica. Procura-se destacar seu processo de ocupao e desenvolvimento, analisando e interpretando as cartas de uso de solo de 1970, 1990 e 2006 observando-se as transformaes ocorridas nesses perodos. Aprofundando a anlise da ao antrpica na rea, um registro fotogrfico constituir o quinto captulo. Nele, atravs de um trabalho foto-interpretativo se busca demonstrar as condies atuais da paisagem na bacia, expondo as condies econmicas e, principalmente, as scio-ambientais da rea. O sexto captulo se presta s consideraes finais onde se apresentam possveis respostas aos objetivos traados no incio da pesquisa

Abstract: With intention to stimulate the debate on the subject, this work has as object the Biguassu Brook hydrographic basin, located in Apucarana, Paran, in objective one two questions are approached: to identify of the historical transformations occurred during the occupation process and its dynamics. Regarding to the landscape concept, it assumes the systemic boarding defended by G. Bertran (1968), who defined the landscape as a dynamic, unstable combination supported on three differentiated geographic elements - physical, biological and anthropic ones. It is necessary to consider that the construction of this research covers varied documents and studies. At first it is looked to establish a dialogue with the theoretical boarding concernin the landscape, that it consists of to define the concepts that will guide the presented quarrels. The bibliographical revision of the theme and the process in which the region goes by, what allows recognizing different reflections and clippings, establishes connections between these inquiries and the matter of this study. For time-space analysis we opted to the production and interpretation of letters of use the ground at three moments (1970, 1990 and 2006). Such current letter and photographic registers have given subsides to the physical study and of devolution of the dynamics of occupation and the forms of use of the ground as well as its scenery alterations between 1970 and 2006. This research, structures itself in six chapters, starting from as introduction to the research in a preliminary boarding of the Biguassu Brook hydrographic basin. Afterwards we show the theoretical quarrel of the relation between geography and landscape, aiming at identifying the concepts that had constituted the arguments of this quarrel. In a time-space boarding, supported on the bibliography, the third chapter has developed, with Paran sociospace formation since earlier times until the current and this way is proven as the occupation of the occupation of the northen Paran occurred through the colonizing Northen Paran Land Company (CTNP) and its successor Paran Improvement Company (CMNP) and, as important part of this process, the city of Apucarana. In the fourth chapter we present a brief study of the city, with emphasis in the Biguassu Brook hydrographic basin, approaching its geographic situation, its aspects (physiographic) and its description and morfometrical analysis. It is looked to detach its process of occupation and development, being analyzed and interpreted the use letters of the soil of 1970, 1990 and 2006, observing the occurred transformations in theses periods. Deepening the analysis of the anthropic action in the area, a photographic register will constitute the fifth chapter. In it, through a photo-interpretative work, we try to demonstrate the current conditions of the landscape in the basin displaying the economic and, mainly, the socioenvironmental conditions of the area. The sixth chapter presents the conclusions in which we present possible answers to the objective defined in the beginning of the researchWith intention to stimulate the debate on the subject, this work has as object the Biguassu Brook hydrographic basin, located in Apucarana, Paran, in objective one two questions are approached: to identify of the historical transformations occurred during the occupation process and its dynamics. Regarding to the landscape concept, it assumes the systemic boarding defended by G. Bertran (1968), who defined the landscape as a dynamic, unstable combination supported on three differentiated geographic elements - physical, biological and anthropic ones. It is necessary to consider that the construction of this research covers varied documents and studies. At first it is looked to establish a dialogue with the theoretical boarding concernin the landscape, that it consists of to define the concepts that will guide the presented quarrels. The bibliographical revision of the theme and the process in which the region goes by, what allows recognizing different reflections and clippings, establishes connections between these inquiries and the matter of this study. For time-space analysis we opted to the production and interpretation of letters of use the ground at three moments (1970, 1990 and 2006). Such current letter and photographic registers have given subsides to the physical study and of devolution of the dynamics of occupation and the forms of use of the ground as well as its scenery alterations between 1970 and 2006. This research, structures itself in six chapters, starting from as introduction to the research in a preliminary boarding of the Biguassu Brook hydrographic basin. Afterwards we show the theoretical quarrel of the relation between geography and landscape, aiming at identifying the concepts that had constituted the arguments of this quarrel. In a time-space boarding, supported on the bibliography, the third chapter has developed, with Paran sociospace formation since earlier times until the current and this way is proven as the occupation of the occupation of the northen Paran occurred through the colonizing Northen Paran Land Company (CTNP) and its successor Paran Improvement Company (CMNP) and, as important part of this process, the city of Apucarana. In the fourth chapter we present a brief study of the city, with emphasis in the Biguassu Brook hydrographic basin, approaching its geographic situation, its aspects (physiographic) and its description and morfometrical analysis. It is looked to detach its process of occupation and development, being analyzed and interpreted the use letters of the soil of 1970, 1990 and 2006, observing the occurred transformations in theses periods. Deepening the analysis of the anthropic action in the area, a photographic register will constitute the fifth chapter. In it, through a photo-interpretative work, we try to demonstrate the current conditions of the landscape in the basin displaying the economic and, mainly, the socioenvironmental conditions of the area. The sixth chapter presents the conclusions in which we present possible answers to the objective defined in the beginning of the research
Data da defesa: 03/04/2007
Cdigo: vtls000164800
Informaes adicionais:
Idioma: Portugus
Data de Publicao: 2007
Local de Publicao: Maring
Orientador: Prof. Dr. Messias Modesto dos Passos
Instituio: Universidade Estadual de Maring . Departamento de Geografia
Nvel: Dissertao (mestrado em Geografia)/
UEM: Programa de Ps-Graduao em Geografia

Responsavel: inez
Categoria: Aplicao
Formato: Documento PDF
Arquivo: Maria do Carmo Carvalho Faria.pdf
Tamanho: 12613 Kb (12915259 bytes)
Criado: 28-11-2008 14:02
Atualizado: 28-11-2008 14:34
Visitas: 1905
Downloads: 157

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